Function Of Urinary System

Problems can occur in your kidneys and urinary system from aging, from illnesses or from injury. The urinary tract may seem simple, but it is a complicated system made up of several different parts. Although Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) depicted the gross anatomical features of the abdominal organs (including the kidneys) more accurately and artistically than his predecessors, he provided no significant new information on the anatomy of the urinary system (64). The urinary system is the group of organs and structures involved in the production of urine and its excretion from the body. By getting enough water in your system, you also dilute your urine, helping expel it from your body much faster. The ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra together form the urinary tract, which acts as a plumbing system to drain urine from the kidneys, store it, and then release it during urination. The body takes nutrients from food and converts them to energy. Respiratory system. The function of the kidney, and the entire urinary system, can be broken down into four important components: Filtration of body fluids by passing them through the kidney. 0): 698 Other kidney and urinary. Which system of this patient's body should the physician be. And did you know you don’t need both kidneys to live? Here are 20 interesting facts about your kidneys!. The urinary system's chief function is to regulate the volume and composition of body fluids and excrete unwanted material, but it is not the only system in the body that is able to excrete unneeded substances. Kidney stones can form when mineral and acid salts in the urine crystallize and stick together. The kidney (Latin: Ren, Greek: Nephrós) is the urinary system’s main organ. The urinary system is also responsible for maintaining the electrolyte, acid-base, and fluid balances of the blood and is thus a major, if not the major, homeostatic organ system of the body. The male penis is a long urethra that protrudes out of the body, and the female urethra, which is the vagina, is an internal one. Structure of the Urinary System - including a simple diagram of the Urinary System of the human body, also known as the Renal System. The urinary system or tract includes the kidneys, the ureters (tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder), the bladder, and the urethra (the tube through which urine exits the body). Functions of the Urinary System: · Regulates blood volume and pressure · Regulates concentration ions · Helps control blood pH · Conserves nutrients, eliminates wastes · Helps in detoxification, deamination · Produces erythropoietin. Nephrons play a crucial. And, the urinary system also assists in the regulation of blood pressure. 0 modules: Human Cadaver, Anatomical Models, Histology, Cat, and Fetal Pig. The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH. What's the main function of the urethra. These systems include the integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, lymphatic system, respiratory system, digestive system, nervous system, endocrine system, cardiovascular system, urinary system, and reproductive systems. Before leaving your body, urine travels through the urinary tract. The Structure and Function of the Urinary System. Now, let’s have a look about the structure and functioning of other parts of circulatory system. There are three types of muscular tissues: skeletal (or striated) muscle, cardiac muscle, and smooth muscle. Excretory System Function. passageway B A patients comes in to see a physician. Urinary System. Gallstones can block the normal flow of bile if they lodge in any of the ducts that carry bile from the liver to the small intestine. In addition, the sensory system 26 PART II Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology by Body Systems. Aging also increases the risk for urinary disorders such as acute and chronic kidney failure, urinary incontinence, leakage, or retention, and bladder and other urinary tract infections. 1 Kidney Ureter Urinary bladder Urethra • Regulation of blood volume / blood (e. When empty, the bladder is about the size and shape of a pear. On the medial margin of the kidney is concave region called the renal hilus. You can call them as pea-sized structures which are present on the edges of the urethra right beneath the prostate gland. The urinary bladder is a hollow elastic organ that functions as the body’s urine storage tank. Kidneys Filter Blood at the Top of the Urinary System. Elimination • Discharge of waste products 3. How does the urinary system work? The body takes nutrients from food and changes them to energy. The urinary system is designed to remove toxins from the body. The organs of the urinary system include the kidneys, renal pelvis, ureters, bladder and urethra. Urethra The urethra is a muscular tube that connects the urinary bladder to the exterior and permits elimination of the urine. The urine flows from the kidneys to the. Parts of the urinary system and their functions: The urinary system includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, two sphincter muscles, and the urethra. The Renal System. The kidneys alone perform the functions just described and manufacture urine in the process, while the other organs of the urinary system provide temporary storage reservoirs for urine or serve as transportation channels to carry it from one body region. The main components of human urinary system are two kidneys, two uteri, a urinary bladder, and a urethra. Describe the roles of the afferent and efferent arterioles in glomerular filtration. Two kidneys. Urinary System Worksheet Name_____ Section A: Urinary System Intro The principal function of the urinary system is to maintain the volume and composition of body fluids within normal limits. Speaker Notes. Urinary Retention Medtronic Bladder Control Therapy (Sacral Neuromodulation), delivered by the InterStim™ System, is a proven treatment option for people who have not had success with other urinary retention treatment options. Simple squamous epithelium on a thin basement membrane (No function) The space between these 2 layers is called: urinary space. The ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra together form the urinary tract, which acts as a plumbing system to drain urine from the kidneys, store it, and then release it during urination. Functions of Other Organs of the Urinary System A ureter leads from each kidney to the bladder. , erythropoietin) • Metabolization of vitamin D to active. Human excretory system is made up of specialized structures and capillary networks that are used to assist in the excretory process. General function and structure of the urinary system. The human body then collects nutrients and fluids from these foods and expels the waste. They clean your blood and keep your body chemically balanced through its filtration system. The kidneys are dark red, bean shaped organs. Parts of the Urinary Tract. From digestive system –undigested food , water , salt , ions drugs. The urinary bladder is a hollow elastic organ that functions as the body’s urine storage tank. The kidneys form the urine and account for the other functions attributed to the urinary system. Its main components are the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Human excretory system is made up of specialized structures and capillary networks that are used to assist in the excretory process. Creatinine. •The urethra is a tubular structure that carries the urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body for disposal. The frog's urinary system organs include the kidneys, ureter, bladder and cloaca. LECTURE: THE URINARY SYSTEM. The kidneys act as filters removing extra fluid and waste from your blood to make urine. In order to understand the microscopic structure of this organ, it is useful to comprehend well its function. Blood volume is associated with salt volume. For your body to work properly, the conditions inside it, such as water, pH and salt levels, need to be kept constant. NAME _____ LAB TIME/DATE _____ REVIEW SHEET exercise40 Anatomy of the Urinary System Review Sheet 40 305 Gross Anatomy of the Human Urinary System 1. Functions of The Urinary System The normal metabolic activities of body cells produce a number of waste materials that tend to change the balance of water and dissolved substances in body fluids. From skin -water,. This process is made possible through the use of selected organs but the main one is the kidney, which removes urea from the blood through tiny filtering units called nephrons. 26-1, 27-12, 29-1, 29-2, 29-3, and 33-2) The upper half of the ureter is in the abdomen proper; the lower half is in the pelvis. CHAPTER 18 Urinary-Renal System 381 residual of urine in the bladder after voiding and precipitates UTI. If just one part does not work properly, urine can become backed up, and a kidney, bladder or urinary tract infection can develop. This causes thinner, more translucent skin, meaning more frequent skin injuries, tearing, and infections. Which word or phrase below best describes the function of the urinary bladder? a. Here is an article to learn about the basic anatomy of kidneys. CHAPTER 11: URINARY SYSTEM At the end of this chapter, student will be able to: a) Describe the location and general function of each organ of the urinary system. The _____ are the most important organs of the urinary system and have an endocrine function because they secrete substances that influence the function of other body parts. The digestive system is divided into two major parts: The digestive tract (alimentary canal) is a continuous tube with two openings: the. In human beings a pair of kidneys is present in the abdomen. And, the urinary system also assists in the regulation of blood pressure. The main organs of the urinary system are the kidneys, which form urine. Urinary system ppt slide 1. Mesangium of the glomerulus: The mesangium consists of cells and matrix; it fills the space between the glomerular capillaries and extends with the vascular pedicle to the extraglomerular space. Structures of Urinary System •Urinary Bladder –Detrusor muscle –Trigone –Micturition reflex •Urethra –Internal and external sphincters –3 to 4 cm in females –18 to 20 cm in males Urinary Bladder and Urethra Renal Blood Flow •Receive 1000 to 1200 mL of blood/min. Urinary Bladder – A sac that collects and holds urine that comes from the ureters. Diagram Of Excretory System Human Excretory System Diagram Labeled Inspirational Anatomy Kidney How To Slow Down Aging & Improve the Quality of Life? It is very important to maintain the conditions of the key essential body organs with a detox regularly. Definition of Vena Cava and Function Vena Cava are the two largest veins in human body together called the venae. By getting enough water in your system, you also dilute your urine, helping expel it from your body much faster. Whereas the colon is primarily responsible for excretion, with a secondary function of conserving water, the urinary system is all about preserving homeostasis through conserving water and electrolytes, with a secondary function of excreting toxins. They are derived from the urogenital ridge, a region of intermediate mesoderm that gives rise to both the embryonic kidney and the gonad. The main components of human urinary system are two kidneys, two uteri, a urinary bladder, and a urethra. Excretion • Removal of organic wastes from body fluids 2. Recognise and describe sections of ureter and bladder. Functions of the Excretory System. The urinary system or tract includes the kidneys, the ureters (tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder), the bladder, and the urethra (the tube through which urine exits the body). The excretory system performs many functions such as: Helps eliminate waste products such as urea, uric acid ammonia, and other products via urine. Some other organs such as lungs, gills, liver, intestine and skin also remove certain waste materials besides their normal functions. For both men and women, the main parts of the system are Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder and Urethra. The urinary system, of which the kidneys are the main organs, is responsible for eliminating mainly metabolic wastes from the body. It gets rid of the waste products that are created when food is transformed into energy. LECTURE: THE URINARY SYSTEM. This urinary system starts with a connection of the bloodstream to the kidneys. Int J Urol. These are also known as the accessory excretory organs. 1 The urethra carries out processes that form urine. A failure of urinary continence can be embarrassing and inconvenient, but is not life threatening. Urine is taken out of the body if these parts work with each other in the right order. The reproductive system is the key to the procreation and survival of the human race. The upper urinary system consists of two kidneys and two ureters. b) Name the parts of a nephron and the important blood vessels associated with them. Malfunctioning of the urethral sphincter causes disorders of the lower urinary tract. , erythropoietin) • Metabolization of vitamin D to active. Which is NOT a function of the urinary system? Follow. Besides being highly advanced as compared to that of the other higher vertebrates, the human reproductive system has many mysterious and amazing facts associated with it. The brain controls mating behavior. View Homework Help - 3. Simple squamous epithelium on a thin basement membrane (No function) The space between these 2 layers is called: urinary space. Waste is filtered from the blood and collected as urine in each kidney. Their function is to remove liquid waste from the blood in the form of urine; keep a stable balance of salts and other substances in the blood; and produce erythropoietin,. Here Are Top 25 Interesting And Fun Facts About The Urinary System (Excretory System): Major Organs #1 It consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, two sphincter muscles, and urethra. , How many kidneys do we have?, What are the functional (working) units of the kidneys?, What are the four functions of the kidneys?, What shape is the kidney?. The kidneys filter blood removing harmful waste products like urea and alcohol. The urinary system eliminates waste products and maintains water balance and chemical. The renal hilum is the entrance to the renal sinus. To help the body maintain a constant body temperature (‘thermoregulation’) 4. Chapter 8 - Renal-Urinary System RENAL-URINARY SYSTEMS. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311. Reciprocal function between the bladder and urethra allows for micturition to occur. The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra are the primary structures of the urinary system. formation of blood cells through synthesis and release o. The major structures of the urinary system include the kidneys, the ureters, the bladder, and the urethra. The components of the glomerulus that filter urine, and the function of each component. The urinary system is the group of organs and structures involved in the production of urine and its excretion from the body. The urinary tract is the body's drainage system for removing urine, which is composed of wastes and extra fluid. After the body has taken the food components that it needs, waste products are left behind in the bowel and in the blood. This system is activated when the body experiences a decrease in blood flow to the kidneys, such as after a drop in blood pressure, or a significant drop in blood volume after a hemorrhage or serious injury. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Functions of The Urinary System The normal metabolic activities of body cells produce a number of waste materials that tend to change the balance of water and dissolved substances in body fluids. Its main function is to act as a barrier to protect the body from the outside world. The only difference from adults is that in adult males, parts. com makes it easy to get the grade you want!. Function: To make urine from waste products and excess water found in your blood. The renal system, which is also called the urinary system, is a group of organs in the body that filters out excess fluid and other substances from the bloodstream. And, the urinary system also assists in the regulation of blood pressure. •The urethra is a tubular structure that carries the urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body for disposal. Urine is taken out of the body if these parts work with each other in the right order. The kidneys carry out osmoregulation by two processes, namely filtration and selective reabsorption. The autonomic nervous system is divided into sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. - This is the first step in urine formation. General Structure and Function of the Urinary System The urinary system is a special excretory system that plays several roles in maintaining homeostasis. 2011;18:225-230 25. The major parts of the lymphatic system are the thymus and the bone marrow. The urinary system organs of the cat and fetal pig are similar to those of the human. The renal tubules also help to excrete desired amount of water thus maintaining internal water balance. Renal External Anatomy | Kidney The kidneys are paired, bean-shaped organs that are behind the abdominal […]. The kidney (Latin: Ren, Greek: Nephrós) is the urinary system's main organ. One of the major functions of the Urinary system is the process of excretion. KIDNEYS The kidneys are the primary organs of. Stem cell production declines with age, causing the epidermal cells to slow in their reproduction and, as a result, become larger and more irregular. Can you label the Urinary System Test your knowledge on this science quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Thus the vitamin D system may involve more than a single receptor and ligand. On the medial margin of the kidney is concave region called the renal hilus. formation of blood cells through synthesis and release o. Recognise and describe sections of ureter and bladder. The main function of the urinary system is to remove waste from the blood in form of urine. Urinary tract infections are more likely to occur after sex in women because women have a much shorter urethra than men. Urinary Incontinence Is the Loss of Bladder Control Most bladder control issues arise when the sphincter muscles of the urethra are too weak or too active. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. The presence of 1α-hydroxylase in many target cells indicates autocrine/paracrine functions for 1,25(OH) 2 D 3 in the control of cell proliferation and differentiation. The major parts of the lymphatic system are the thymus and the bone marrow. The four major functions of the cardiovascular system are: 1. Outline – Urinary System I. Explain the influence of antidiuretic hormone and aldosterone on urine formation and composition. In humans, the urethra has an excretory function in both genders to pass. Read More. The urinary system works with the lungs, skin. These problems can range from minor to life-threatening. The right kidney is slightly lower than the left because of the position of the liver. The integumentary system helps regulate body temperature through its tight association with the sympathetic nervous system, the division of the nervous system involved in our fight-or-flight responses. The urinary system is made up of the kidneys, bladder and ureters (tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder). Clinical Case Study. Diseases can have an impact on the elimination of wastes and on the conservation of an appropriate amount. Keeping your urinary system healthy is a good thing to do. The urinary system is made up of kidneys, bladder, ureters and the urethra. The urinary bladder is a muscular sac in the pelvis, just above and behind the pubic bone. The Urinary system consists of a pair of kidneys located in the upper abdomen. They are complex organs that are vital for life. pdf Anthropological Review • V ol. And for this, one has to learn about the different cell types and their structure. This labels the right kidney, left kidney, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra. Urinary System - Be able to identify the following structures on illustrations, models, and/or microscope slides. The function of the urinary system. •The ureters carry the urine away from kidneys to the urinary bladder. Most waste products are removed from the body by the urinary system. – This is the first step in urine formation. The kidney, like the liver, performs a variety of functions of major importance to the maintenance of normal homeostasis. Homeostatic regulation • Of blood plasma volume and solute concentration 26-1 Urinary System Functions • Functions of the Urinary. The’medullary’concentration’gradient’is’aphysiological’process,’which’produces’a’concentrationgradient’of’upto Q9 Describe how the kidney. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance. A urologist is a physician who has specialized knowledge and skill regarding problems of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. A comprehensive database of more than 53 urinary system quizzes online, test your knowledge with urinary system quiz questions. Fetal Pig Dissection with Photos Developed by Dr. Urinary System Function, Assessment, and Therapeutic Measures Answer Section. The Excretory system is responsible for the elimination. Problems can occur in your kidneys and urinary system from aging, from illnesses or from injury. The urinary system is home to many functions, including getting rid of waste via urine, maintaining the correct balance of electrolytes, it helps maintain healthy blood pressure as well as help to regulate red blood cells. Kidneys filter and regulate the blood. The urinary system comprises of two kidneys, two ureters, a bladder, and the urethra. The kidney, like the liver, performs a variety of functions of major importance to the maintenance of normal homeostasis. Renal External Anatomy | Kidney The kidneys are paired, bean-shaped organs that are behind the abdominal […]. Chapter 26 The Urinary System 26-1 Urinary System Functions • Three Functions of the Urinary System 1. The primary function of the digestive system is to break down food both mechanically and by the use of enzymes, so that it can be used by the body for energy and cell growth and repair. It is one (1) of the body's four (4) main organ systems that are responsible for excretion. View Homework Help - 3. The Urinary system consists of a pair of kidneys located in the upper abdomen. Excretory System Function. Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. The main functions od urinary system are: 1 Excrete waste products from the body 2. Excretory systems u5. And did you know you don’t need both kidneys to live? Here are 20 interesting facts about your kidneys!. Urinary System Worksheet Name_____ Section A: Urinary System Intro The principal function of the urinary system is to maintain the volume and composition of body fluids within normal limits. The dog's urinary tract is a system made up of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. They have a distinguishable excretory system composed of a pair of kidneys, ureters, cloaca and urinary bladder. Include in your diagram information about how kidneys function. The urinary bladder is a muscular sac in the pelvis, just above and behind the pubic bone. Due to how the digestive system and urinary system are connected, problems can occur in one system that can also affect the other. In anatomy, the (from Greek – ourethra) is a tube which connects the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. Besides excretion, controlling quantity of blood and blood pressure, regulating the amount of metabolites and electrolytes in the body, and stabilizing blood pH are also some of the functions of this system. Both shark and frog are anamniotic animals. Brain DHA content may be particularly. Main Functions Of The Urinary System Biology Essay. Urinary System. The kidneys form the urine and account for the other functions attributed to the urinary system. Structure and Function of the Kidneys The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs that are found high in the back of the abdominal cavity, just below the ribcage; one on either side of the spine. Start studying A. The major organs of the urinary system are the urethra, the bladder, two kidneys and two ureters. The urinary system, also known as the renal system, is devised as a drainage system to remove waste from the body, regulate blood volume and pressure, and regulate both electrolytes (a chemical that dissociates in water. The kidneys clear waste materials from the body and maintain a normal balance of fluids and chemicals in the body. The Excretory system is responsible for the elimination. Urinary system removes nitrogenous excretory product and helps to maintain internal homeostasis of the body. Your urinary system removes a waste called urea from your blood after the food you eat is broken down in your body. The main function of the urinary system is to maintain homeostasis of extracellular fluid by filtering out electrolytes and other waste products, and excreting them with excess fluid. Kidney and urinary system parts and their functions: Two kidneys. brain, spinal cord, sense organs The excretory system consists of kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder. Look it up now!. The ureters are like the shipping lanes of your urinary system. But the function of the kidneys is NOT to make urine, it is to maintain homeostasis of the. Many of the body's waste products are passed out of the body in urine. 02a- Functions of Urinary System TeacherTube Tutorials. Urinary Retention Medtronic Bladder Control Therapy (Sacral Neuromodulation), delivered by the InterStim™ System, is a proven treatment option for people who have not had success with other urinary retention treatment options. Regulates blood volume & blood pressure. This dissection will illustrate the retroperitoneal location of the urinary system organs, the relationship of urinary system organs to other organs, and how well these organs are secured by connective tissues. Respiratory system. Functions of the cardiovascular system. The urine flows out of your urethra, and out of your body. The digestive system is divided into two major parts: The digestive tract (alimentary canal) is a continuous tube with two openings: the. Laboratory 8 - Urinary and Reproductive Systems Urinary System Please read before starting: It is easy to damage the structures of the reproductive system as you expose structures associated with excretion, so exercise caution as you do this. The frog's excretory and reproductive system is called the urogenital system because they work together quite often, especially in male frogs. The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra are the primary structures of the urinary system. Effect in urinary function. There are two ureters, one attached to each kidney. As you age, your kidneys and bladder change. Chapter 26: The Urinary System Chapter Objectives OVERVIEW OF KIDNEY FUNCTION 1. The digestive system is a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. アトリエぱおのホームページにお越しいただきありがとうございます。 acre ブレーキパッド blitz アクレ レーシングプロ リア ダウンサス 【品番:375】 hks トヨタ マーク2ブリット jzx110w (na) 02. Once the kidneys and their nephrons filter excess wastes that have circulated through your body, they are then able to turn the excess waste products into urine. In addition, certain types of medications, such as diuretics that are sometimes used to treat high blood pressure, can also affect the amount of urine a person produces and eliminates. ANS: D The nephron is the structural and functional unit of the kidney. The urinary system is designed to remove toxins from the body. Urinary System - Be able to identify the following structures on illustrations, models, and/or microscope slides. They are polar opposites, but at their cores, they share common purpose. The function of the kidney, and the entire urinary system, can be broken down into four important components: Filtration of body fluids by passing them through the kidney. Stem cell production declines with age, causing the epidermal cells to slow in their reproduction and, as a result, become larger and more irregular. The ureters function within the urinary system is quite simple, but there is a medical condition called an ectopic ureter that can complicate matters. The kidneys are essential for regulating the volume and composition of bodily fluids. Urinary System Functions. Urinary tract infections occur when germs enter the urinary tract and cause symptoms such as pain and/or burning during urination and more frequent need to urinate. The kidney is a complicated organ whose actions integrate with those of the cardiovascular system to maintain blood pressure and with the respiratory system to maintain acid-base balance. The urinary system filters the blood from some excess salts, urea, uric acid and other waste materials, and it expels these wastes outside the body in form urine, The excretory system removes excess, unnecessary materials from the body to prevent the damage and the urinary system rids the body of the wastes produced by the cells. To help maintain fluid balance within the body. The basic unit of the kidney is nephron3. Functions of The Urinary System The normal metabolic activities of body cells produce a number of waste materials that tend to change the balance of water and dissolved substances in body fluids. A failure to synthesize vitamin D is one such example. The main components of human urinary system are two kidneys, two uteri, a urinary bladder, and a urethra. Main functions of the kidney and urinary system: * Removal of waste (urea and other waste products) * Regulation of electrolytes - especially sodium, potassium, calcium * Hematopoiesis, i. Together, these organs, tubes, muscles and nerves work in conjunction to generate, stow and transport urine. Function of the Urinary System The urinary system is comprised of two kidneys, two ureters, a urinary bladder, and a urethra. Complete the following statements: The kidney is referred to as an excretory organ because it excretes 1 wastes. Mark Stanback www. medical Definition of urinary system. In infants and young children, the urinary bladder is in the abdomen even when empty. LECTURE: THE URINARY SYSTEM. This commonly occurs throughout the entire nephron system especially within the Glomerulous and Bowman's Capsule where water, nitrogenous wastes, glucose, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, bicarbonate ions and hormones. Urinary Incontinence Is the Loss of Bladder Control Most bladder control issues arise when the sphincter muscles of the urethra are too weak or too active. They are responsible for the production of parathyroid hormone (PTH). Filtration, Reabsorption, and Secretion. The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH. The function of the urinary system. Anatomy of the Urinary System. Urine is not altered in this part of the system in species other than the horse (where mucous is added) but instead the function of the LUT is to collect and store urine until enough of it is collected for release to become necessary. Regulates blood volume & blood pressure. These organs work together to rid the body of waste, which is excreted in the form of urine. Structures of Urinary System •Urinary Bladder –Detrusor muscle –Trigone –Micturition reflex •Urethra –Internal and external sphincters –3 to 4 cm in females –18 to 20 cm in males Urinary Bladder and Urethra Renal Blood Flow •Receive 1000 to 1200 mL of blood/min. The major structures of the urinary system include the kidneys, the ureters, the bladder, and the urethra. Urine is formed in the kidneys, drains through the ureters to be stored in the bladder, and then passes from the body through the urethra. Excretion • Removal of organic wastes from body fluids 2. There are often references to the renal system, equating it to the urinary system. passageway B A patients comes in to see a physician. The Urinary system works with the other systems of the body to help maintain homeostasis. Urinary system of human beings consists of kidney, ureter, urinary bladder and urethra. The’medullary’concentration’gradient’is’aphysiological’process,’which’produces’a’concentrationgradient’of’upto Q9 Describe how the kidney. The ureters function within the urinary system is quite simple, but there is a medical condition called an ectopic ureter that can complicate matters. Urinary System (updated 11/17/05) A&P2 The following 31 illustrations should help you to learn and understand the structure and functions of the urinary system and its interactions with the body.